Abstract Stereotype formation whitethorn base on the overstatement of real root differences ( kinfolk accenting) or the misperception of group differences that do non exist (illusory correlation). This research account for both phenomena with J. K. Kruschkes (1996, 2001, 2003) anxiety possibleness of mob learning. According to the model, the features of majority groups be erudite forward than the features of nonage groups. In turn, the features that become associated with a minority are those that most distinguish it from the majority. This second process is determined by an attention-shifting mechanism that directs attention toward group-attribute pairings that facilitate contraryiation of the 2 groups and may lead to the formation of stronger minority stereotypes. Two experiments in this share will examine on common account for category accentuation and characteristicness- base illusory correlation. Factor That Contributes To the Formation of Stereotypes Tajfe ls experiments (Tajfel & Wilkes, 1963) on category accentuation and Hamiltons demonstration of the oddment based illusory correlation (Hamilton & Gifford, 1976) are the two germinal findings in the development of the social-cognitive approach to understanding stereotype formation.
Whereas category accentuation effects highlight the exaggeration of real intergroup differences as the fanny for stereotype formation, the illusory correlation shows that stereotypes may be create in the absence of real group differences. enquiry on the two effects has largely proceeded independently, and they have been explained by diff erent mechanisms. In method 1, the experime! nt will endorse that throng pay special attention to distinctive or obsolete events and recall such event with relative ease. When two distinctive or rare events occur, people will consort to punctuate the relation between these events much readily. Therefore, encodes this information more in effect and relates these events together. Hence, people...If you want to get a salutary essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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